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  • Paddy
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.

A - Z Plant List

A - B - C - D/E

F - G - H/I/J

K/L - M - N/O

P - Q/R - S

T to Z


The A - Z of House Plants is currently under construction. Plant names will be linked to their corresponding articles as they are added. Please be patient - there are a lot of plants, and there may be days when only one or two articles can be added at a time. In the meantime, why not take a look at some of these general care articles:


A brief Guide to Potting Mixes


When and how to repot House Plants


Grooming House Plants - the Basics


Indoor House Plants and Light


Ten House Plants tolerating low Light Conditions


Indoor House Plants and Humidity Levels


Watering Indoor House Plants


Fertilising House Plants


To save readers having to scroll through the whole alphabet when looking for a specific plant, each section will be moved to its own page once all corresponding articles have been added. 


Yet to come: 




(Haworthia species)

Heartleaf Philodendron

(Philodendron scandens)


(Helleborus niger)


(Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Hyacinth Flower

(Hyacinthus orientalis hybrids)


(Hydrangea macrophylla)




(Impatiens hybrids)

Iron Cross Begonia

(Begonia masoniana)

Ivy Geranium

(Pelargonium peltatum)


(Ixora coccinea)



Jade Plant

(Crassula ovata)

Janet Craig Dracaena

(Dracaena deremensis)

Japanese Aralia

(Fatsia japonica)

Jasmine Plant

(Jasminum polyanthum)

Jerusalem Cherry

(Solanum pseudocapsicum)



Kaffir Lily

(Clivia miniata)

Kentia Palm

(Howea forsteriana)



Lady Palm

(Rhapis excelsa)

Lantana Plants

(Lantana camara)

Lily of the Valley                                      

(Convallaria majalis)

Lipstick Plant                                          

(Aeschynanthus lobbianus)

Living Stones                                           

(Lithops species)

Lucky Bamboo                                        

(Dracaena sanderiana)



Madagascar Palm                                    

(Pachypodium lamerei)

Maidenhair Fern                                       


Mandevilla Plant                                       

(Mandevilla hybrids)

Martha Washington Geranium                   

(Pelargonium domesticum)


(Medinilla magnifica)

Ming Aralia                                              

(Polyscias fruticosa)

Miniature Roses                                        

(Rosa chinensis hybrids)

Mona Lavender                                        

(Plectranthus hybrid)

Money Tree Plant                                     

(Pachira aquatica)

Moses in the Cradle                                 

(Tradescantia spathacea)

Mother of Thousands                                

(Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Mother-in-Law's Tongue/ Snake Plant        

(Sansevieria trifasciata)



Nerve Plant                                              

(Fittonia verschaffeltii)

New Guinea Impatiens                              

(Impatiens x hawkeri hybrid)

Norfolk Island Pine                                   

(Araucaria heterophylla)



Oleander Plant                                         

(Nerium oleander)

Orchid Cactus                                         

(Epiphyllum species and hybrids)

Ornamental Chili Pepper                           

(Capsicum annuum)



Paddle Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe thyrsiflora)

Panda Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe tomentosa)


(Viola x wittrockiana)

Paperwhite Narcissus                               

(Narcissus jonquilla)

Papyrus Plant                                          

(Cyperus papyrus)

Parlor Palm                                             

(Chamaedorea elegans)

Parrot Flower                                           

(Heliconia psittacorum)

Passion Flower                                        

(Passiflora caerulea)

Peace Lily


Peacock Plant                                         

(Calathea makoyana)


(Peperomia caperata)

Periwinkle Flower                                     

(Catharanthus roseus)

Persian Shield                                         

(Strobilanthes dyerianus)

Persian Violet                                          

(Exacum affine)

Piggyback Plant                                      

(Tolmiea menziesii)

Pink Calla Lily                                         

(Zantedeschia rehmannii)

Pink Quill                                                

(Tillandsia cyanea)

Pitcher Plant                                           

(Nepenthes hybrids)


(Plumeria rubra)

Pocketbook Plant                                    

(Calceolaria herbeohybrida)


(Euphorbia pulcherrima)

Polka Dot Plant                                       

(Hypoestes phyllostachya)

Ponytail Palm                                          

(Beaucarnea recurvata)

Pothos/ Devil's Ivy                                    

(Epipremnum aureum)

Powder Puff Tree                                      

(Calliandra haematocephala)

Prayer Plant                                            

(Maranta leuconeura)

Primrose Flowers                                     

(Primula hybrids)

Purple Heart Plant                                    

(Tradescantia pallida)

Purple Passion Plant                                

(Gynura aurantiaca)

Purple Shamrock                                     

(Oxalis regnellii)

Pygmy Date Palm                                     

(Phoenix roebelenii)



Queen's Tears                                         

(Billbergia nutans)



Rabbit Foot Fern                                      

(Davallia fejeensis)

Rex Begonia                                            

(Begonia rex)

Rosary Vine                                            

(Ceropegia woodii)

Rubber Plant                                           

(Ficus elastica)



Sago Palm                                              

(Cycas revoluta)

Satin Pothos                                           

(Scindapsus pictus)

Scarlet Star                                             

(Guzmania lingulata)

Scented Geranium                                   

(Pelargonium species and hybrids)


(Schefflera actinophylla)

Sensitive Plant                                         

(Mimosa pudica)

Shamrock Plant                                       

(Oxalis species)

Shrimp Plant                                           

(Justicia brandegeana)

Siam Tulip                                               

(Curcuma alismatifolia)

Spider Lily                                               

(Hymenocallis littoralis)

Spider Plant

(Chlorophytum comosum)

Split-Leaf Philodendron                             

(Philodendron bipinnatifidum)

Staghorn Fern                                          

(Platycerium bifurcatum)

Strawberry Begonia                                  

(Saxifraga stolonifera)

String of Pearls                                        

(Senecio rowleyanus)

Swedish Ivy                                             

(Plectranthus species)

Sweet Potato Vine                                   

(Ipomea batatas)

Swiss Cheese Plant                                 

(Monstera deliciosa)


Thanksgiving Cactus                                

(Schlumbergera truncata)

Ti Plant                                                   

(Cordyline terminalis)

Tiger's Jaw                                              

(Faucaria tigrina)


(Tulipa hybrids)


U - V - W

Urn Plant                                                 

(Aechmea fasciata)

Venus Fly Trap                                        

(Dionaea muscipula)

Wandering Jew                                        

(Tradescantia albiflora)

Wax Begonia                                           

(Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)

Wax Plant                                               

(Hoya carnosa)

Weeping Fig                                            

(Ficus benjamina)

Windmill Palm Tree                                  

(Trachycarpus fortunei)


X - Y - Z


(Yucca elephantipes)

Zebra Plant                                              

(Aphelandra squarrosa)

ZZ Plant                                                  

(Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Sad News...


Stop Animal Cruelty

Instead of protecting the precious diversity of life on our planet, many countries, groups and individuals delight in performing acts of incredible cruelty to and on animals. To help stop this insanity going on, please go to The Petitions Site and add your voice to the thousands of individuals who are prepared to stand up and say: ' Enough is enough. Stop this now!' 

October 25 2012 5 25 /10 /October /2012 11:41

angel-shark.jpgThe unusual, very distinctive Angel Shark, Squatina squatina, was once very common in the North East Atlantic, from Mauritania to Norway; throughout the North Sea; in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Today, it is already extinct in some areas - including its former habitats in the North Sea - and is listed as critically endangered everywhere else. Up to now, this magnificent creature was still fairly common in its last stronghold around the Canary Islands, but even there, its numbers are now seriously threatened.


The wide pectoral fins and flattened front section of the Angel Shark's body make it look more like a skate or ray than a shark, although its body's rear section is more like a typical shark's rear end. Its skin colour ranges from grey to greenish or reddish brown.  While young Angel Sharks may feature net-like white markings and comparatively large dark blotches, adults are typically a little plainer, featuring a scattering of small white spots and some blackish dots. The back of the Angel Shark may also feature some lines - slightly lighter than the main colouring - that mimic tidal ridges in the sand. 

angel-shark-1.jpgThe blackish dots covering the back of the shark tend to join in the middle of the pectoral fins, creating dark bands, and the dark leading edge of the dorsal fins is trailed by a paler edge. Like other mid-water feeders, the Angel Shark has a so-called terminal mouth (opening at the head's front, with equal lower and upper jaws). It also features a pair of nasal skin flaps and nasal barbells - whisker-like projections - which it uses to feel and taste. 

Vertical slit pupils within its round, large eyes provide this creature with excellent all-round vision, making it a very efficient ambush predator. At birth, an Angel Shark is usually around 24 to 30 cm (0.8 to 1 ft) long. Females will grow to reach a mature length of between 126 and 167 cm (4.1 to 5.5 ft), while adult males can be 1.83 to 2.24 m (6 to 7.3 ft) in length. 

Biology, Behaviour and Habitat 

Angel Sharks occur in temperate waters, preferably in areas with sandy or muddy sea floors. They can be found at depth from 5 m (16.4 ft) inshore (estuaries, coast line) up to 150 m (492.1 ft) or more along the continental shelf, although they are seasonally migratory and will disappear from the majority of shallower areas during the summer. During this period, they can occasionally be found in larger numbers in bays situated on the northern end of Gran Canaria.

angel-shark-0.jpgBeing nocturnal, the Angel Shark will typically only swim off the bottom during the night, and is torpid during the day. It will find a resting place, where it uses its pectoral fins to dust away sufficient sand or mud to create a depression within which it can settle. From this position, with just its eyes protruding from the sand/ mud, it ambushes its prey. Once an unsuspecting creature - predominantly crustaceans, flatfish, mollusks and skates - swims by, the shark bursts out of its hiding position at incredible speeds and snaps it up. When hunting is good, the shark may stay in its chosen spot for prolonged periods.

Angel Sharks are ovoviviparous, which means their young develop inside eggs that remain within the female's body until the young are ready to hatch. Gestation typically takes between 8 and 10 months, at the end of which the female will give birth to a litter of 7 to 25 pups, depending on the size of the female. The larger the female is, the larger her litter is likely to be.


This species is not particularly important to fisheries, with only a fairly small number being caught for human consumption, fish-meal and perhaps oil, predominantly around Tunisia. The real threat to this lovely creature is more or less accidental - many specimens end up as by-catch of the fishing industry. Their habit of lying in wait at the bottom makes them especially  vulnerable to trawl fishing, which has significantly increased over the past 50 years and has resulted in dramatic reductions of Angel Shark populations, with complete extinction in some areas. 

Bottom long-lines and trammel nets, as well as tuna traps, also pose a danger to this species, and habit degradation - especially around coastal areas - caused by human disturbance further lead to a decline in numbers. 


Already protected within three marine reserves in the Balearic Islands, more and more countries - including the UK and Belgium - are beginning to recognise the need to protect this animal and are taking appropriate steps towards this goal. The Canary Islands, the southern Mediterranean and several other areas, however, still need to confirm the species' status and take action. 

This is particularly urgent in the Canary Islands, one of the last remaining Angel Shark strongholds, where unsustainable, destructive fishing methods, coastal habitat degradation on pollution not only threaten this species, but the whole ocean Eco-system. Having already lost the Mediterranean monk seal - the rarest seal in the world - the government of the Canary Islands must take steps now to protect this and other threatened species before it is too late. At time of writing, readers are/ were able to sign a petition to this effect at the Petition Site.



http://www.arkive.org/angel-shark/squatina-squatina/#text=Facts <http://www.arkive.org/angel-shark/squatina-squatina/>


www.sharks.org/species/228-angel-shark-squatina-squatina.html <http://www.sharks.org/species/228-angel-shark-squatina-squatina.html>

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