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  • Paddy
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.

A - Z Plant List

A - B - C - D/E

F - G - H/I/J

K/L - M - N/O

P - Q/R - S

T to Z


The A - Z of House Plants is currently under construction. Plant names will be linked to their corresponding articles as they are added. Please be patient - there are a lot of plants, and there may be days when only one or two articles can be added at a time. In the meantime, why not take a look at some of these general care articles:


A brief Guide to Potting Mixes


When and how to repot House Plants


Grooming House Plants - the Basics


Indoor House Plants and Light


Ten House Plants tolerating low Light Conditions


Indoor House Plants and Humidity Levels


Watering Indoor House Plants


Fertilising House Plants


To save readers having to scroll through the whole alphabet when looking for a specific plant, each section will be moved to its own page once all corresponding articles have been added. 


Yet to come: 




(Haworthia species)

Heartleaf Philodendron

(Philodendron scandens)


(Helleborus niger)


(Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Hyacinth Flower

(Hyacinthus orientalis hybrids)


(Hydrangea macrophylla)




(Impatiens hybrids)

Iron Cross Begonia

(Begonia masoniana)

Ivy Geranium

(Pelargonium peltatum)


(Ixora coccinea)



Jade Plant

(Crassula ovata)

Janet Craig Dracaena

(Dracaena deremensis)

Japanese Aralia

(Fatsia japonica)

Jasmine Plant

(Jasminum polyanthum)

Jerusalem Cherry

(Solanum pseudocapsicum)



Kaffir Lily

(Clivia miniata)

Kentia Palm

(Howea forsteriana)



Lady Palm

(Rhapis excelsa)

Lantana Plants

(Lantana camara)

Lily of the Valley                                      

(Convallaria majalis)

Lipstick Plant                                          

(Aeschynanthus lobbianus)

Living Stones                                           

(Lithops species)

Lucky Bamboo                                        

(Dracaena sanderiana)



Madagascar Palm                                    

(Pachypodium lamerei)

Maidenhair Fern                                       


Mandevilla Plant                                       

(Mandevilla hybrids)

Martha Washington Geranium                   

(Pelargonium domesticum)


(Medinilla magnifica)

Ming Aralia                                              

(Polyscias fruticosa)

Miniature Roses                                        

(Rosa chinensis hybrids)

Mona Lavender                                        

(Plectranthus hybrid)

Money Tree Plant                                     

(Pachira aquatica)

Moses in the Cradle                                 

(Tradescantia spathacea)

Mother of Thousands                                

(Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Mother-in-Law's Tongue/ Snake Plant        

(Sansevieria trifasciata)



Nerve Plant                                              

(Fittonia verschaffeltii)

New Guinea Impatiens                              

(Impatiens x hawkeri hybrid)

Norfolk Island Pine                                   

(Araucaria heterophylla)



Oleander Plant                                         

(Nerium oleander)

Orchid Cactus                                         

(Epiphyllum species and hybrids)

Ornamental Chili Pepper                           

(Capsicum annuum)



Paddle Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe thyrsiflora)

Panda Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe tomentosa)


(Viola x wittrockiana)

Paperwhite Narcissus                               

(Narcissus jonquilla)

Papyrus Plant                                          

(Cyperus papyrus)

Parlor Palm                                             

(Chamaedorea elegans)

Parrot Flower                                           

(Heliconia psittacorum)

Passion Flower                                        

(Passiflora caerulea)

Peace Lily


Peacock Plant                                         

(Calathea makoyana)


(Peperomia caperata)

Periwinkle Flower                                     

(Catharanthus roseus)

Persian Shield                                         

(Strobilanthes dyerianus)

Persian Violet                                          

(Exacum affine)

Piggyback Plant                                      

(Tolmiea menziesii)

Pink Calla Lily                                         

(Zantedeschia rehmannii)

Pink Quill                                                

(Tillandsia cyanea)

Pitcher Plant                                           

(Nepenthes hybrids)


(Plumeria rubra)

Pocketbook Plant                                    

(Calceolaria herbeohybrida)


(Euphorbia pulcherrima)

Polka Dot Plant                                       

(Hypoestes phyllostachya)

Ponytail Palm                                          

(Beaucarnea recurvata)

Pothos/ Devil's Ivy                                    

(Epipremnum aureum)

Powder Puff Tree                                      

(Calliandra haematocephala)

Prayer Plant                                            

(Maranta leuconeura)

Primrose Flowers                                     

(Primula hybrids)

Purple Heart Plant                                    

(Tradescantia pallida)

Purple Passion Plant                                

(Gynura aurantiaca)

Purple Shamrock                                     

(Oxalis regnellii)

Pygmy Date Palm                                     

(Phoenix roebelenii)



Queen's Tears                                         

(Billbergia nutans)



Rabbit Foot Fern                                      

(Davallia fejeensis)

Rex Begonia                                            

(Begonia rex)

Rosary Vine                                            

(Ceropegia woodii)

Rubber Plant                                           

(Ficus elastica)



Sago Palm                                              

(Cycas revoluta)

Satin Pothos                                           

(Scindapsus pictus)

Scarlet Star                                             

(Guzmania lingulata)

Scented Geranium                                   

(Pelargonium species and hybrids)


(Schefflera actinophylla)

Sensitive Plant                                         

(Mimosa pudica)

Shamrock Plant                                       

(Oxalis species)

Shrimp Plant                                           

(Justicia brandegeana)

Siam Tulip                                               

(Curcuma alismatifolia)

Spider Lily                                               

(Hymenocallis littoralis)

Spider Plant

(Chlorophytum comosum)

Split-Leaf Philodendron                             

(Philodendron bipinnatifidum)

Staghorn Fern                                          

(Platycerium bifurcatum)

Strawberry Begonia                                  

(Saxifraga stolonifera)

String of Pearls                                        

(Senecio rowleyanus)

Swedish Ivy                                             

(Plectranthus species)

Sweet Potato Vine                                   

(Ipomea batatas)

Swiss Cheese Plant                                 

(Monstera deliciosa)


Thanksgiving Cactus                                

(Schlumbergera truncata)

Ti Plant                                                   

(Cordyline terminalis)

Tiger's Jaw                                              

(Faucaria tigrina)


(Tulipa hybrids)


U - V - W

Urn Plant                                                 

(Aechmea fasciata)

Venus Fly Trap                                        

(Dionaea muscipula)

Wandering Jew                                        

(Tradescantia albiflora)

Wax Begonia                                           

(Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)

Wax Plant                                               

(Hoya carnosa)

Weeping Fig                                            

(Ficus benjamina)

Windmill Palm Tree                                  

(Trachycarpus fortunei)


X - Y - Z


(Yucca elephantipes)

Zebra Plant                                              

(Aphelandra squarrosa)

ZZ Plant                                                  

(Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Sad News...


Stop Animal Cruelty

Instead of protecting the precious diversity of life on our planet, many countries, groups and individuals delight in performing acts of incredible cruelty to and on animals. To help stop this insanity going on, please go to The Petitions Site and add your voice to the thousands of individuals who are prepared to stand up and say: ' Enough is enough. Stop this now!' 

August 24 2012 6 24 /08 /August /2012 15:41

Animals of Europe are no more protected from becoming endangered than those in other parts of the world. The beautiful Apennine Chamois, scientifically known as the Rupicapra rupicapra ornata or Rupicapra pyrenaica ornata, a goat-like mammal found in European mountain areas, for instance, is already listed as endangered or vulnerable at least in Italy.


One of the rarest groups of animals in Italy, the Apennine Chamois grows to a size of 110 to 130 cm (3.6 to 4.3 ft) in length and 70 to 85 cm (2.3 to 2.8 ft) in height. Typically weighing around 14 to 62 kg (31 to 136 lb), the Apennine Chamois has a comparatively short tail of around 10 to 15 cm (4 to 6 in).

The summer coat of this lovely animal is smooth, short and reddish-brown or tawny in colour. In winter, 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long chocolate brown guard hair covers an under-layer of woolly hair. Under-parts of the Apennine Chamois are pale, with darker legs. A slight mane may be present around the throat area, and the cheeks, nose-bridge and jaw are pure white. Beginning at eye-level, a black stripe runs down to the muzzle.

Both sexes have black, slender horns. Up to 32 cm (12.8 in) long, these horns rise vertically from the animals forehead, with the top third bending sharply backwards, almost like a hook. Growing a little more each year, these horns do not fall off at any point, unless, of course, they are somehow damaged.

Biology, Ecology and Habitat

Found in alpine meadows and rocky areas throughout Europe (especially in the Carpathians and the Alps), as well as in Asia Minor, herds of the Apennine Chamois wander to meadows up to 1800 m (6000 ft) above sea level during the summer months. Their home ranges typically average at around 74 hectares, where they forage for their favourite diet of buds, fungi, leaves and shoots.

As winter approaches, the herds will retreat to altitudes around 1100 m (3630 ft), sometimes entering forested areas, but always remaining close to steep cliffs. 

When threatened - the Apennine has a range of natural enemies, including predators like bears, foxes, lynx and wolves- alarm signals including sneezing, whistling through the nostrils and foot stamping will be followed by the whole herd speeding to the nearest, most inaccessible places. This flight will see them making leaps spanning as much as 6 m (19.8 ft) in length and 2 m (6.6 ft) in height. Sure-footed and extremely nimble, Apennine Chamois can travel at speeds of up to 50 km/hr (30 m/hr), even on uneven or steep ground. 

Apennine-chamois2.jpgHerds typically consists of small flocks of five to 30 females and their young, with the males remaining solitary until the breeding season approaches. The autumn rut will see older males producing open-mouthed grunts and driving younger males away from the herd of females, killing them if necessary.

After a gestation period of around 170 days, the females will give birth to one kid, although occasional, relatively rare twin-births do occur. Typically born in May or June, the young are able to follow their mothers almost immediately, and will be weaned after a period of six months. 

Females will reach sexual maturity at the age of about two and a half years, while males will take a little longer, around three and a half to four years. The average life span of Apennine Chamois is 14 to 22 years.

Main Threats

Currently known to suffer from reduced populations in areas like the Molise, Latium and Abruzzo National Parks, groups of the Apennine Chamois are becoming increasingly isolated, resulting in reduced genetic variety. This, combined with relatively low survival rates of young during the first year, increasingly leaves them vulnerable to other factors. These factors could, combined with the already reduced numbers, result in local extinction, ultimately resulting in conservation projects already in action - thanks to the Life Natura project - being rendered futile.

Diseases transmitted by domestic animals grazing in close proximity to Apennine Chamois herds and hunting (the hide of this gorgeous creature is turned into 'shammy' leather, a soft, very fine cloth perfect for polishing - add to these threats. 

Conservation Measures

The Apennine Chamois is now protected under Italian law, and measures to increase population sizes to viable, sustainable numbers through release of additional animals into under-populated areas are in action and appear to be successful, at least in areas like the Gran Sasso and Majella parks. There is no doubt that other areas will have to be considered for this measure within the near future if local extinction is to be prevented.


Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - Apennine Chamois Facts" (Online).

Accessed 8/10/2012 at http://earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?sp=68&ID=6.



Nowak, R. M. [editor]. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World (Fifth Edition). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Shackleton, D. M. [Editor] and the IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group.  1997.  Wild Sheep and Goats and their Relatives.  Status Survey and Action Plan for Caprinae.   IUCN: Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Walther, F. R. 1990.  Chamois (Genus Rupicapra).  In Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals.  Edited by S. P. Parker. New York: McGraw-Hill.  Volume 5, pp. 495-497.

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder [editors]. 1993. Mammal Species of the World (Second Edition). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.  Available online at http://nmnhwww.si.edu/msw/

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