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  • Paddy
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.
  • Born and educated in Germany, I came to live in the UK in 1982. After working in various jobs over the years, I am now a freelance writer. I have a passion for wildlife and nature in general and love my family, my dog Jet, writing, music and dragons.

A - Z Plant List

A - B - C - D/E

F - G - H/I/J

K/L - M - N/O

P - Q/R - S

T to Z


The A - Z of House Plants is currently under construction. Plant names will be linked to their corresponding articles as they are added. Please be patient - there are a lot of plants, and there may be days when only one or two articles can be added at a time. In the meantime, why not take a look at some of these general care articles:


A brief Guide to Potting Mixes


When and how to repot House Plants


Grooming House Plants - the Basics


Indoor House Plants and Light


Ten House Plants tolerating low Light Conditions


Indoor House Plants and Humidity Levels


Watering Indoor House Plants


Fertilising House Plants


To save readers having to scroll through the whole alphabet when looking for a specific plant, each section will be moved to its own page once all corresponding articles have been added. 


Yet to come: 




(Haworthia species)

Heartleaf Philodendron

(Philodendron scandens)


(Helleborus niger)


(Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

Hyacinth Flower

(Hyacinthus orientalis hybrids)


(Hydrangea macrophylla)




(Impatiens hybrids)

Iron Cross Begonia

(Begonia masoniana)

Ivy Geranium

(Pelargonium peltatum)


(Ixora coccinea)



Jade Plant

(Crassula ovata)

Janet Craig Dracaena

(Dracaena deremensis)

Japanese Aralia

(Fatsia japonica)

Jasmine Plant

(Jasminum polyanthum)

Jerusalem Cherry

(Solanum pseudocapsicum)



Kaffir Lily

(Clivia miniata)

Kentia Palm

(Howea forsteriana)



Lady Palm

(Rhapis excelsa)

Lantana Plants

(Lantana camara)

Lily of the Valley                                      

(Convallaria majalis)

Lipstick Plant                                          

(Aeschynanthus lobbianus)

Living Stones                                           

(Lithops species)

Lucky Bamboo                                        

(Dracaena sanderiana)



Madagascar Palm                                    

(Pachypodium lamerei)

Maidenhair Fern                                       


Mandevilla Plant                                       

(Mandevilla hybrids)

Martha Washington Geranium                   

(Pelargonium domesticum)


(Medinilla magnifica)

Ming Aralia                                              

(Polyscias fruticosa)

Miniature Roses                                        

(Rosa chinensis hybrids)

Mona Lavender                                        

(Plectranthus hybrid)

Money Tree Plant                                     

(Pachira aquatica)

Moses in the Cradle                                 

(Tradescantia spathacea)

Mother of Thousands                                

(Kalanchoe daigremontiana)

Mother-in-Law's Tongue/ Snake Plant        

(Sansevieria trifasciata)



Nerve Plant                                              

(Fittonia verschaffeltii)

New Guinea Impatiens                              

(Impatiens x hawkeri hybrid)

Norfolk Island Pine                                   

(Araucaria heterophylla)



Oleander Plant                                         

(Nerium oleander)

Orchid Cactus                                         

(Epiphyllum species and hybrids)

Ornamental Chili Pepper                           

(Capsicum annuum)



Paddle Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe thyrsiflora)

Panda Plant                                            

(Kalanchoe tomentosa)


(Viola x wittrockiana)

Paperwhite Narcissus                               

(Narcissus jonquilla)

Papyrus Plant                                          

(Cyperus papyrus)

Parlor Palm                                             

(Chamaedorea elegans)

Parrot Flower                                           

(Heliconia psittacorum)

Passion Flower                                        

(Passiflora caerulea)

Peace Lily


Peacock Plant                                         

(Calathea makoyana)


(Peperomia caperata)

Periwinkle Flower                                     

(Catharanthus roseus)

Persian Shield                                         

(Strobilanthes dyerianus)

Persian Violet                                          

(Exacum affine)

Piggyback Plant                                      

(Tolmiea menziesii)

Pink Calla Lily                                         

(Zantedeschia rehmannii)

Pink Quill                                                

(Tillandsia cyanea)

Pitcher Plant                                           

(Nepenthes hybrids)


(Plumeria rubra)

Pocketbook Plant                                    

(Calceolaria herbeohybrida)


(Euphorbia pulcherrima)

Polka Dot Plant                                       

(Hypoestes phyllostachya)

Ponytail Palm                                          

(Beaucarnea recurvata)

Pothos/ Devil's Ivy                                    

(Epipremnum aureum)

Powder Puff Tree                                      

(Calliandra haematocephala)

Prayer Plant                                            

(Maranta leuconeura)

Primrose Flowers                                     

(Primula hybrids)

Purple Heart Plant                                    

(Tradescantia pallida)

Purple Passion Plant                                

(Gynura aurantiaca)

Purple Shamrock                                     

(Oxalis regnellii)

Pygmy Date Palm                                     

(Phoenix roebelenii)



Queen's Tears                                         

(Billbergia nutans)



Rabbit Foot Fern                                      

(Davallia fejeensis)

Rex Begonia                                            

(Begonia rex)

Rosary Vine                                            

(Ceropegia woodii)

Rubber Plant                                           

(Ficus elastica)



Sago Palm                                              

(Cycas revoluta)

Satin Pothos                                           

(Scindapsus pictus)

Scarlet Star                                             

(Guzmania lingulata)

Scented Geranium                                   

(Pelargonium species and hybrids)


(Schefflera actinophylla)

Sensitive Plant                                         

(Mimosa pudica)

Shamrock Plant                                       

(Oxalis species)

Shrimp Plant                                           

(Justicia brandegeana)

Siam Tulip                                               

(Curcuma alismatifolia)

Spider Lily                                               

(Hymenocallis littoralis)

Spider Plant

(Chlorophytum comosum)

Split-Leaf Philodendron                             

(Philodendron bipinnatifidum)

Staghorn Fern                                          

(Platycerium bifurcatum)

Strawberry Begonia                                  

(Saxifraga stolonifera)

String of Pearls                                        

(Senecio rowleyanus)

Swedish Ivy                                             

(Plectranthus species)

Sweet Potato Vine                                   

(Ipomea batatas)

Swiss Cheese Plant                                 

(Monstera deliciosa)


Thanksgiving Cactus                                

(Schlumbergera truncata)

Ti Plant                                                   

(Cordyline terminalis)

Tiger's Jaw                                              

(Faucaria tigrina)


(Tulipa hybrids)


U - V - W

Urn Plant                                                 

(Aechmea fasciata)

Venus Fly Trap                                        

(Dionaea muscipula)

Wandering Jew                                        

(Tradescantia albiflora)

Wax Begonia                                           

(Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)

Wax Plant                                               

(Hoya carnosa)

Weeping Fig                                            

(Ficus benjamina)

Windmill Palm Tree                                  

(Trachycarpus fortunei)


X - Y - Z


(Yucca elephantipes)

Zebra Plant                                              

(Aphelandra squarrosa)

ZZ Plant                                                  

(Zamioculcas zamiifolia)

Sad News...


Stop Animal Cruelty

Instead of protecting the precious diversity of life on our planet, many countries, groups and individuals delight in performing acts of incredible cruelty to and on animals. To help stop this insanity going on, please go to The Petitions Site and add your voice to the thousands of individuals who are prepared to stand up and say: ' Enough is enough. Stop this now!' 

July 6 2012 6 06 /07 /July /2012 13:47

Acropora coral is a genus of polyp stony coral belonging to the Cnidaria Phylum. This species rich genera - 149 species have been described, but it is believed that there are in excess of 350 species in the genus - are important in reef building, often dominating vast sections of the tropical coral reefs found around the Indo-Pacific, although a few species - though not as abundant - can be found in tropical Atlantic regions. 


Acropora corals predominantly live within shallow reef environments in the oceans surrounding Africa, American Samoa and Asia; Australia, the British Indian Ocean Territory and Central America; Europe, the Middle East and North America (US Territory), as well as Oceania and South America. Constraint to the water-surface in order to make the most out of the sun's energy, Acropora corals prefer medium to high water motion. As a rule, shoals of small fish can be found within these living 'forests'.

Biology and Ecology

Growing as plates, slender or comparatively broad branches - depending on the location and the species - Acropora corals are colonies of small organisms called polyps. Approximately 2 mm in diameter, the polyps protrude slightly from the coral - typically more so during the night - to capture and feed on dissolved organic matter and plankton. Unexpected movement and the arrival of potential predators will cause the polyps to withdraw back into the coral until the coast is clear, so to speak.

Colonies of Acropora coral share both a nerve net and tissue. Because the skeleton, or corallite of new polyps is created by somewhat specialised axial corralites, which form the tips of branches, the whole colony is closely interconnected, making it possible for the colony to grow rapidly in a coordinated manner. 

Like many other corals, Acropora species have a symbiotic relationship with zooxanthellae, a type of algae. The coral provides a safe environment for the algae within its tissue, while the algae uses photosynthesis to provide nutrients for the coral. On average, approximately 70 per cent of the coral's nutrients are obtained in this manner, but it will also feed on zooplankton.

Reproduction occurs either sexually or asexually. For sexual reproduction, streams of eggs and sperm are released into the water. Some of the larvae resulting from fertilisation of eggs will settle on the original reef, while others may drift around the oceans for months before finally settling on far away reefs. 

Asexual reproduction occurs when a branch breaks off the colony, becomes re-attached to the substrate and continues to grow from there. This process is also known as fragmentation, and is often used to grow coral for aquariums. The majority of corals will reach maturity at an age of between three and eight years, and it is believed that normal life expectancy is somewhere above ten years.

acropora2.jpgThreats to Acropora Coral

The most common threats to Acropora and other corals include pollution, abnormally high water temperatures and eutrophication (excess nutrients stimulating excessive plant growth); sedimentation and increased acidification of oceans. One of the first signs of corals being stressed by one or more of these causes is bleaching, which is the direct result of the loss of zooxanthellae. The bleached coral will have a stark white appearance, and, if new zooxanthellae can not be assimilated, will eventually die. 

Another real threat is over-fishing and diseases in predatory and plant-eating fish. As the numbers of, for example, groupers and parrot fish decline, organisms that prey on Acropora polyps - such as, for instance, damsel fish, fire worms and short coral snails - thrive. In addition, a lack of herbivorous fish allows macro algae growth to explode, limiting the recovery of already stressed corals and settling of coral larvae.

The sad News

Sadly, at present around 76 species of Acropora corals are listed as endangered. These species include:

  • A. willisae
  • A. walindii
  • A. verweyi
  • A. vaughani
  • A. turaki
  • A. tenuis
  • A. tenella
  • A. suharsonoi
  • A. striata
  • A. spicifera
  • A. speciosa
  • A. solitaryensis
  • A. simplex
  • A. selago
  • A. secale
  • A. russelli
  • A. rudis
  • A. roseni
  • A. retusa
  • A. polystoma
  • A. plumosa
  • A. pichoni
  • A. pharaonis
  • A. papillare
  • A. paniculata
  • A. palmerae
  • A. palmata, or Elkhorn Coral
  • A. nasuta
  • A. nana, or A. azurea
  • A. multiacuta
  • A. monticulosa
  • A. millepora
  • A. microclados
  • A. lutkeni
  • A. lovelli
  • A. loripes
  • A. lokani
  • A. loisetteae
  • A. listeri
  • A. kosurini
  • A. kirstyae
  • A. kimbeensis
  • A. jacquelineae
  • A. indonesia
  • A. hyacinthus, or Brush Coral
  • A. humilis, or Finger Coral
  • A. horrida
  • A. hoeksemai
  • A. hemprichii
  • A. granulosa
  • A. globiceps
  • A. glauca
  • A. formosa
  • A. florida, or Branch Coral
  • A. elegans
  • A. echinata
  • A. donei
  • A. divaricata
  • A. digitifera
  • A. desalwii
  • A. derawanensis
  • A. dendrum
  • A. cervicornis
  • A. caroliniana
  • A. carduus
  • A. batunai
  • A. awi
  • A. austera
  • A. aspera
  • A. arabensis
  • A. appressa
  • A. anthocercis, or Red Table Coral
  • A. acuminata
  • A. aculeus
  • A. abrolhosensis, or Fuzzy Staghorn

Conservation Measures

Fortunately, many coral reefs are already under protection, and in some areas, active measures are being undertaken to encourage the growth of new colonies. The drawback to these measures, however, is the fact that oceans continue to be polluted, over-fished and generally abused, and worldwide climate changes continue to heat up oceans everywhere. 






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